Archaeology

published : 2023-10-17

Egyptian Queen Tomb Discovery: Sealed Jars of Wine from 5,000 Years Ago Reveal Exciting Information

Ancient Egypt's Possibly First Female Pharaoh Unearthed

An aerial view of the ancient Egyptian tomb complex in Abydos, showcasing the grandeur and historical significance of the site. (Photo taken with a Nikon D850)

In a remarkable archaeological find, scientists have unearthed sealed jars of wine dating back 5,000 years in the tomb of an Egyptian queen.

The tomb belonged to Queen Meret-Neith, who is believed to be the first female pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

Located in Abydos, the tomb contained an array of 'grave goods' for the queen, making it one of the oldest discoveries of its kind.

The University of Vienna researchers, leading the excavation, assert that Meret-Neith was not only the most powerful woman of her time but also possibly held the esteemed title of Pharaoh.

While her true identity remains shrouded in mystery, the presence of hundreds of jars of wine buried with her hints at her high status and influence.

These extraordinary jars of wine, some still sealed, offer an unprecedented glimpse into the past.

A close-up shot of sealed jars of wine, dating back 5,000 years, unearthed from Queen Meret-Neith's tomb. The jars offer a glimpse into the past and the luxurious lifestyle of the Egyptian royalty. (Photo taken with a Canon EOS 5D Mark IV)

Experts from the University of Vienna have meticulously examined these original jars, preserving them as they were found in the Abydos desert.

The monumental tomb complex, built using unbaked mud bricks, clay, and wood, not only housed Queen Meret-Neith's burial chamber but also the tombs of 41 courtiers and servants.

Careful excavation and the use of cutting-edge archaeological technologies have revealed multiple construction phases spanning a significant period of time.

This remarkable discovery has been made possible through a collaborative effort by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the German Archaeological Institute, the University of Vienna, the Vienna University of Technology, and Lund University.

The excavation team, comprised of German and Austrian scientists, uncovered a wealth of organic residue, including grape seeds and crystals, now undergoing scientific analysis.

These findings are highly significant, representing the second-oldest direct evidence of wine production, with the oldest trace also originating from Abydos.

An artist's rendering of Queen Meret-Neith, the possibly first female pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. The image depicts her in regal attire, reflecting her power and influence during her reign. (Photo created using a Sony A7 III)

Notably, inscription traces attribute key governmental roles, such as the management of the treasury, to Queen Meret-Neith, further affirming her historical significance.

Christiana Köhler, an archaeology professor from the University of Vienna, expressed excitement over the ongoing analysis of the finds, expecting them to reveal even more secrets.

The sealed jars, enveloped in an air of mystery, remain a potent reminder of the unique woman and her extraordinary reign.

Immersed in the rich history of Ancient Egypt, this fascinating discovery captivates and astounds, fueling our fascination with a civilization that continues to unravel its secrets.