published : 2023-09-05

Japan Provides Emergency Relief to Seafood Exporters After China Imposes Ban

Japan to offer $141 million in emergency funding to support seafood exporters

A U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Rahm Emanuel, visits a Fukushima coastal city to support the local fishing industry. [Taken with Canon EOS 5D Mark IV]

U.S. Ambassador to Japan Rahm Emanuel visited a Fukushima coastal city to support the local fishing industry after China and South Korea raised the alarm over water discharge began from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced on Monday a $141 million emergency fund to help exporters hit by China's ban on Japanese seafood over the release of treated radioactive wastewater from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant.

The discharge of the wastewater into the ocean began Aug. 24 and is expected to continue for decades.

Japanese fishing associations and groups in neighboring countries have strongly opposed the release.

In addition to China's ban on all Japanese seafood imports, Hong Kong has banned Japanese seafood from Fukushima and nine other prefectures.

Chinese trade restrictions have affected Japanese seafood exporters since even before the release began, with shipments held up at Chinese customs for weeks.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida eating seafood from Fukushima prefecture in Tokyo, Japan. [Taken with Nikon D850]

Prices of scallops, sea cucumbers and other seafood popular in China have plunged.

The ban has affected prices and sales of seafood from places as far away from Fukushima as the northern island of Hokkaido, home to many scallop growers.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida eats seafood from Fukushima prefecture in Tokyo, Japan, on Aug. 30, 2023. (Cabinet Public Affairs Office via AP)

Kishida talked with workers at a fish market last Friday to assess the impact of China’s ban and pledged to protect Japan's seafood industry.

Kishida heads to Indonesia on Tuesday to attend the annual summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, where he may face criticism over the wastewater release from Chinese Premier Li Qian, who is also attending.

Large amounts of radioactive wastewater have accumulated at the Fukushima plant since a massive earthquake and tsunami in 2011 destroyed its cooling systems and caused three reactors to melt.

Workers at a fish market assessing the impact of China's ban on Japanese seafood, pledged to protect Japan's seafood industry. [Taken with Sony Alpha a7 III]

All seawater and fish samples taken since the release of the treated wastewater began have been way below set safety limits for radioactivity, Japanese officials and the plant operator say.

Mainland China is the biggest overseas market for Japanese seafood, accounting for 22.5% of the total, followed by Hong Kong with 20%, making the ban a major blow for the fisheries industry.

Seafood exports are a fraction of Japan's total exports, and the ban's impact on overall trade will be limited unless tensions escalate and China widens its restrictions to other trade sectors, said Takahide Kiuchi, executive economist at Nomura Research Institute.

Beijing is angry over U.S. trade controls that limit China's access to semiconductor processor chips and other U.S. technology on security grounds. Japan has also curbed exports of chipmaking technology. Such restrictions imposed by Tokyo and possible future steps could cause an escalation of Chinese trade bans against Japan, Kiuchi said.

Taking into consideration such risks, the Japanese government needs to carefully think about how to deal with worsening ties with China, not just over the treated water discharge but also how it should cooperate with the United States in areas of investment and trade restrictions with China, Kiuchi said in a recent analysis.